Mamahood & Me

Nutrition: References


Recommendations for Weight Gain During Pregnancy in the Context of the Obesity Epidemic - us national library of medicine national institutes of health understanding infertility - SCRC effect of alcohol consumption on fertility and time to conception - SCRC you need body fat for conception - Cindy Bailey

Stress and Your Fertility Hethir Rodriguez C.H., C.M.T. body fat, exercise and fertility - SCRC

Relationship between sleep and secretion of gonadotropin and ovarian hormones in women with normal cycles - very good stuff on preconception diet. 

Inflammation in Reproductive Disorders - us national library of medicine National institues of health. (

The importance of folate, zinc and antioxidants in the pathogenesis and prevention of subfertility I.M.W. Ebisch C.M.G. Thomas W.H.M. Peters D.D.M. Braat R.P.M. Steegers-Theunissen

Nutritional Intervention Preconception and During Pregnancy to Maintain Healthy Glucose Metabolism and Offspring Health (“NiPPeR”): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Keith M. GodfreyWayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N. Baker, Yap-Seng Chong and NiPPeR Study Group 1. A. P. Simopoulos.

The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids. Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapy Volume 56, Issue 8, October 2002
2. SALDEEN Pia, SALDEEN Tom. Women and omega-3 fatty acids.

Omega-3 FA can facilitate pregnancy in women with infertility problems by increasing uterine blood flow Obstetrical & gynecological survey 2004, vol. 59, no10. 3. SJ Bhathena, E Berlin, JT Judd, YC Kim, JS Law, HN Bhagavan, R Ballard-Barbash and PP Nair.

Effects of omega 3 fatty acids and vitamin E on hormones involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in men. Carbohydrate Nutrition Laboratory, BHNRC, USDA, MD 20705. 4. Simopoulos, Artemis.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Inflammation and Autoimmune Diseases. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, Vol. 21, No. 6, 495-505 (2002)
5. Michael P. Osborne a, Rashida A. Karmali b, Richard J. Hershcopf c, H. Leon Bradlow c, Lone A. Kourides a, Wick R. Williams d, Paul Peter Rosen a, Jack Fishman.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Modulation of Estrogen Metabolism and Potential for Breast Cancer Prevention. Cancer Investigation, Volume 6, Issue 5 1988 usc fertility . org

Preconception B-Vitamin and Homocysteine Status, Conception, and Early Pregnancy Loss Alayne G. Ronnenberg1, Scott A. Venners2, Xiping Xu2, Changzhong Chen3, Lihua Wang4, Wenwei Guang4, Aiqun Huang4, and Xiaobin Wang5,6 

Embryo quality: the missing link between pregnancy sickness and pregnancy outcome react-empty: 82 react-empty: 83 react-empty: 84 react-empty: 85 react-empty: 86 react-empty: 87 Author links open overlay panel ScottForbes

Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy Mario Festin, Obstetrician Gynaecologist, University of the Philippines Manila

Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy Noel M. Lee, M.D., Gastroenterology Fellow and Sumona Saha, M.D., Assistant Professor of Medicine

The Immune System in Pregnancy: A Unique Complexity Gil Mor and Ingrid Cardenas

Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease During Pregnancy Lauren B. Gerson, MD, MSc*

The Effect of Nutritional Elements on the Immune System

Postpartum Depression Research Paper

1. Postpartum Depression Postpartum Depression: An Increasing Issue in Women’s Health Kristina Hyland KINS 3120 Section 2 13 November 2013  Nutrition During Pregnancy: Part I Weight Gain: Part II Nutrient Supplements.

Nutrition and the psychoneuroimmunology of postpartum depression R. Ellsworth-Bowers1 and E. J. Corwin2,*

Vio F, Salazar G, Infante C. Smoking during pregnancy and lactation and its effects on breast-milk volume. Am J Clin Nutr. 1991;54:1011-6. 

Oatmeal for increasing milk supply By Kelly Bonyata, BS, IBCLC

10 Healthy Foods to Boost Your Mood By Madeline R. Vann, MPH Reviewed by Farrokh Sohrabi, MD

1 Cindy- Lee Dennis. Psychosocial and psychological intervention for prevention of postnatal depression: systematic review. BMJ 2005; 331:15.

2 Bodnar LM, Wisner KL. Nutrition and depression: implications for improving mental health among childbearing-aged women. Biol Psychiatry.


3 Crayton JW, Walsh WJ. Elevated serum copper levels in women with a history of post-partum depression. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2007;21:17-21.

4 Wójcik J, Dudek D, Schlegel-Zawadzka M, Grabowska M, et al. Antepartum/postpartum depressive symptoms and serum zinc and magnesium

levels. Pharmacol Rep. 2006;58: 571-6.

 Effect of food intake during labour on obstetric outcome: randomised controlled trial BMJ 2009; 338 doi: (Published 25 March 2009) Cite this as: BMJ 2009;338:b784


Evidence Based Guidelines for

Midwifery-Led Care in Labour

Nutrition in Labour


Fasting may result in dehydration and acidosis, which combined with fatigue can increase the likelilhood of augmentation, instrumental delivery and postpartum partum blood loss (Broach and Newton 1988; Foulkes and Dumoulin 1985).


Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries [Internet].

Intravenous fluids for preventing prolonged labour in women giving birth to their first baby

First published: June 18, 2013.

Link to full article: [Cochrane Library]



Interventions for treating postpartum constipation

First published: September 23, 2014.

Link to full article: [Cochrane Library]



Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses

T. S. Sathyanarayana RaoM. R. Asha,1 B. N. Ramesh,2 and K. S. Jagannatha Rao2

Author information ► Copyright and License information ►


Treatment of Infectious Mastitis during Lactation: Antibiotics versus Oral Administration of Lactobacilli Isolated from Breast Milk

Rebeca Arroyo Virginia Martín Antonio Maldonado Esther Jiménez Leónides Fernández Juan Miguel Rodríguez

A cohort study of gestational diabetes mellitus and complimentary qualitative research: background, aims and design

Vijayam BalajiMadhuri S BalajiManjula DattaRekha RajendranKaroline Kragelund NielsenRohini RadhakrishnanAnil Kapur, and Veerasamy Seshiah


Preeclampsia Research at the NICHD

NICHD Research aims to detect, treat, and prevent this potentially dangerous condition of pregnancy

Essential fatty acids in pregnancy and early human development.

Hornstra G1, Al MDvan Houwelingen ACForeman-van Drongelen MM.

Author information

Essential fatty acids in pregnancy and early human development

Original Research Article
European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, Volume 61, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 57-62
Gerard Hornstra, Monique D.M. Al, Adriana C.v. Houwelingen, Magritha M.H.P. Foreman-van Drongelen

The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essyential fatty acids

Author links open overlay panelA.PSimopoulos

The effects of essential fatty acids on brain development

Milivoj Jovančević, Vlasta Skolan, Giovana Armano, Denis Mladinić Vulić

medical herbalist 

Julia Behrens

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Amanda “Bird” Hoffert GilmartinSerdar H Ural, MD, and  John T Repke, MD

A cohort study of gestational diabetes mellitus and complimentary qualitative research: background, aims and design

  • Vijayam BalajiEmail author

  • Madhuri S Balaji, 

  • Manjula Datta, 

  • Rekha Rajendran, 

  • Karoline Kragelund Nielsen, 

  • Rohini Radhakrishnan, 

  • Anil Kapur and 

  • Veerasamy Seshiah

koyoma, K et al . 'efficacy of methylcobalamin on lowering total homocysteine plasma concentrations in haemodialysis patients receieving high dose folate supplementation. 

“Zinc-induced changes in the progesterone binding properties of the human endometrium,” European Society of Endocrinology

“E ect of dl- -tocopherol acetate on progesterone metabolism,” Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

“E ect of dietary components, including lignans and phytoestrogens, on enterohepatic circulation and liver metabolism of estrogens and on sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG),” Journal of Steroid Biochemistry

“E ects of phytoestrogen extracts isolated from pumpkin seeds on estradiol production and ER/PR expression in breast cancer and trophoblast tumor cells,” Nutrition and Cancer, Taylor Francis Group.

“Phytoestrogens: the “natural” selective estrogen receptor modulators?” European Journal of Gynecology and Reproductive Biology

Nutrition Recommendations in Pregnancy and Lactation

Michelle A. Kominiarek, MD, MS, Associate Professor

Michelle A. Kominiarek, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 250 East Superior Street, Suite 05-2175, Chicago, IL 60611, (312)472-6747;

Priya Rajan, MD, Assistant Professor

Priya Rajan, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 250 East Superior Street, Suite 05-2175, Chicago, IL 60611, (312) 472-4685 P, ude.nretsewhtron@najar-p;.

Meeting Maternal Nutrient Needs During Lactation